Diorama: Tropen – Urwaldszene

The Pelikan Teachers’ Info would like to encourage you to make your own DIORAMA and show you how easily and effectively such DIORAMAS can be realized with students. For this purpose, we would like to take a closer look at the earth’s climate zones and introduce one of each extreme landscapes to you. Moreover, the students can also learn more about the common animal life of the particular region.

Diorama: Jungle Panorama

Already in 1822, Louis Daguerre constructed the first DIORAMA of the world. However, back then darkened theater stages were used to simulate the changing of the time of the day by using a transparent separation and corresponding lights. Later on, manger scenes were also described as DIORAMAS.

For more information on the history of DIORAMAS, please go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Daguerre

Today, mostly modelers and admirers of locomotives devote themselves to the construction of sceneries of today’s world in order to make their fantasy worlds look as realistic as possible. Also the DIORAMAS made in schools are models of sceneries of the real world, e.g. in a primary school, with the topic “child and map” that is about reconstructing a model of your own classroom, the area around the school building or of a volcano or any other type of landscape with the corresponding fauna.

 
The Pelikan Teachers’ Info would like to encourage you to make your own DIORAMA and show you how easily and effectively such DIORAMAS can be realized with students. For this purpose, we would like to take a closer look at the earth’s climate zones and introduce one of each extreme landscapes to you. Moreover, the students can also learn more about the common animal life of the particular region.

As a support, we would like to offer you coloring templates of the animals of each landscape. It is also imaginable to reconstruct the animals with Pelikan Crealight.
 

In this issue:

The tropics: Jungle scene with hidden animals, colorful plants and high trees.

Climate zoneApproximate lines of latitude north/southAverage temperatures
Tropics23,5°25°C
The jungle-like trees of the Everglades

Climate zone

We have chosen Florida with its mainly tropical climate to serve as a model for our DIORAMA. In the most southern regions of this state in North America you might even find a subtropical climate with a single rain season in the summertime. Though the temperatures during the winter season might be around 20°C, there still might be occasional ground frost at night. In tropical regions the hours of daytime lie between 10 and 13 hours. Moreover, the climate shows no seasonal differences but rather a change depending on the time of the day: Sometimes the temperature fluctuations can be greater than in the entire annual average. Besides the warm tropics there are the cold tropics that exist rather in mountain regions. The amount of rainfall in the tropics depends on the circulation of the trade winds, which can be moving in cycles between dry and humid areas. The northern and southern trade winds meet at the equator and create a constantly humid zone there (convergence zone). .

For more information, please log on to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropics

Alligators in the Everglades in Florida.

Alligators

Alligators belong to the species of the crocodiles. However their life and metabolism runs slower than those of their relatives, which makes them grow nearly twice as old. The Mississippi alligator gets almost three times as big as the Chinese alligator with a length of up to 6 meters. These huge reptiles prefer living in lakes, swamps or rivers and eat any animal they can catch. Their dangerous-looking teeth are also interesting. Unlike human teeth, the bottom row does not push against the top row, but grow outwards and so the bottom row is clearly visible even when the alligator's mouth is closed. Alligators used to be an endangered species, because handbags were made out of their skin.

Alligator with a wide open mouth .

For more information on alligators please log on to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alligatoridae

 

 

Primates

Among others, one of the creatures living in the rainforest are the primates, which in common language we also call monkeys. In biology, the term "monkey" names a subspecies of the primates.

You will find more information on this topic here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate

The monkey as download template "Movable animals"

If you like, our monkey is available for download as a crafting template from the series "movable animals".

"What a monkey business": In our DIORAMA, lots of monkeys are sitting in the trees!"

Parrots

Parrots can also mainly be found in the tropical rainforest, but it can just as well have its habitat in Mexico, Chile, Asia and on the Philippines. The parrots beak is very large and catches the eye immediately. It has many different functions. For one thing, the parrot uses it as a tool to crack open hard nut shells. The bird even uses it to climb trees and it helps the bird to build its nest.

For more information on parrots, please log on to : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parrot

We offer you both a parrot and a monkey as a template to download so you can make one on your own. They can be found in our series "Movable animals".
 

Building the DIORAMA:

The tropics: Jungle scene with hidden animals, colorful plants and high trees.

To find out who all is hidden here, you'll have to take a closer look!

You need:

1 Styrofoam® panel (size 40x40 cm), 1 wood board and 1 piece of veneer plywood both in the same size, 1 wood panel for the background wall (size 40x10 cm), small and thin branches, tree models, modeling moss, small animals (e.g. lions, monkeys and crocodiles), PLAKA paints in different shades of green and brown, paintbrush (size 10 and 12), crafting glue and glue for plastic.

How it works:

1. First we build the basic structure of our DOIRAMA. Glue the styrofoam® panel onto the wood board that has the same size. The wood board serves as a stanchion, as the styrofoam® alone would be too instable. Then glue the veneer plywood onto the styrofoam®. For the one thing, it gives the forest ground a basic color and the tree models can be stuck into the styrofoam®. Glue the wood panel (size 40x10cm) on the backside of the DIORAMA.

The basic structure of the DIORAMA is comprehensible: 1. wood board, 2. styrofoam®, 3. veneer plywood, 4. modeling moss;
  1. After building the basic structure comes the actual creative part of making the DIORAMA. Paint the veneer plywood in different shades of PLAKA green paint and also paint some parts of the small branches in shades of green to gain the effect as if moss were growing on them. Then glue the modeling moss and the small branches on the plywood. Glue the tree models, where e.g. the monkeys will be sitting later on, in between.
The forest ground is littered with small branches, modeling moss and trees.
 

Views:

Front view: From the front you can see clearly just how barely impenetrable the jungle is. The trees reach farther up than our background wall and can therefore be seen for a long way. However, still you can't see any animals. They are hidden too well, due to their camouflage!
 
Top view: From here you have a good view on the background wall. The scattering of the modeling moss and branches can be traced back very well from here. The different colors of PLAKA paints which the forest ground has been painted with are also visible.

Impressionen:

A group of monkeys on the trees can be seen from far away. Hopefully, we haven't scared them away!
Yes, one monkey noticed us and starts screaming wildly! But then, maybe it only wants to warn its family of…
….the approaching tiger!
 

Impressions:

One of the monkeys hasn't noticed the tiger yet and is still sitting peacefully on a tree branch. Meanwhile, another tiger is wandering through the tight underwoods.

All in all, a nice jungle atmosphere can be created with plain materials and bright PLAKA paints. As we matched the animals to the colors of the jungle, they can only be seen by taking a closer look. This way your students will be able to engage themselves in the DIORAMA intensively and can also train looking closely at the same time!