Cold‑Warm Color Contrast

The temperature calendar shows a way to deal with this topic. Therefore, we would like to offer you many different download templates, which, due to the various decoration possibilities, provide the students with a colorful mixture of the cold‑warm color contrast.

Further material for this article.

Cold‑Warm Color Contrast

All seasons of the year at a glance: These are the pages of the temperature calendar. They can be decorated by your students or with the help of one of our many templates.

Teachers' Information

For students, working with opaque paints always bears a challenge when having to handle particular systematics of the color wheel. The cold‑warm color contrast can provoke such a challenge as well, as color perceptions may differ from one another. For an easy handling of the color theory, Pelikan created the color wheel. With its help, the color temperature of the single groups of colors can easily be determined.

The temperature calendar shows a way to deal with this topic. Therefore, we would like to offer you many different download templates, which, due to the various decoration possibilities, provide the students with a colorful mixture of the cold‑warm color contrast.

Information on Primary Colors

The Pelikan color wheel consists of 12 different colors. They are divided into different "climate zones: "icy, cold, cool, warm and hot. Each of these "zones" consists of 5 adjacent colors. For example, the color wheel offers the colors reddish purple, purple, blue, cyan blue and bluish green for the color group "icy". By turning the color wheel further, it will show the climate zone "cold". Cold colors are: Purple, blue, cyan blue, bluish green and green.

Hence, there are 12 different color groups, whereby single colors can also be part of different climate zones. It merely depends on the overall group of the colors.


Due to the color wheel, the entire top group of colors is ascribed to the color climate "cold".

Material for the Teaching Unit "Cold‑Warm Color Contrast - The Temperature Calendar“

This is what you need:

  • Paint box K12
  • Paint brush with long and short bristles, sizes 10+12
  • fresh water
  • sketch block
  • glue, pair of scissors
  • Pelikan black or colored paper
  • 16 different download templates

Option 1 (simple version, incomplete temperature calendar)

It's as easy as this:

Working in pairs, the students try to find out which colors could be used to represent each season of the year - spring, summer, fall and winter - using the 12­color wheel. Then, each student paints a selected square in the corresponding color combination. In our example, a square from the download templates was painted in the following colors:

This example shows what combination of colors could perhaps stand for springtime. The color wheel can give you a clue on what colors might fit together, however, it does not necessarily figure all the possibilities different color perceptions might create.

To create a square, the students can either use our templates, or they can draw the squares on their own. Anyhow, it is important that each square is divided into five different fields! For each color on the top side of the color wheel, one field is needed. Thereby, the students may choose freely which color they want to use for which field of the square. This way, despite the same templates having been used, different colorful variations of squares can be created.


Option 2 (extensive, complete temperature calendar)

It's as easy as this:

The method is the same as in option no. 1. Only, that here an own temperature calendar page is made for every month of the year! Apart from our blank sheets, there are numerous other motifs to choose upon:

The blank sheets and all further motifs at a glance, for your orientation. The complete temperature calendar pages can be found among the download templates.

The templates for the single pages of the temperature calendar should merely serve as an inspiration. By using the blank templates, anyone can create own squares and with them own calendar pages. When a square has been completed, you can enter the name of the season into the field above, or the respective name of the month can be drawn inside. The arrangement of the squares and month names are variable. This way, it is imaginable to perhaps just write the name of the month beneath the square. Feel free to use our additional blank sheets for this.

Extension of the Color Climate

When working with high‑quality opaque paints, painting over the dry sheets of paint is no problem. It makes sense if you are planning on adding more colors to the five fields per square as a supplement to the color climate. This work method lets the opaque paints stand out particularly well.

This example shows how decorative ornaments can be painted in the same colors, even after the basic pattern is dry.

Finishing the Temperature Calendar

After having completed the single pages of the calendar and the name fields, the templates are ready to be further processed: For example, you can cut out the squares and the name signs and glue them onto a DIN A4 size piece of colored paper. Finally, along the top edge of calendar pages, punch centered holes into the pages and tie them together with a piece of string. Now, not only will the right name of the month be presented every month, but also the corresponding color climate. Not the calendar can also be used for future lessons dealing with the same topic.

A Special Hint:

Actually, all pages of the temperature calendar are meant to be hung up behind each other, "waiting" to be used one after another. However, if you feel like decorating a larger area, you can hand the single calendar pages on the wall beside each other. Simply glue the single squares and seasons on a piece of black colored paper. Different background colors are certainly imaginable, too!

When having completed the single pages of the temperature calendar, it can also look nice hanging them up beside each other.

All download templates at a glance