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Which filling systems for fountain pens are offered today?
Mainly, there are two filling techniques: the plunger system and the cartridge system (as a variation on the converting technique). The plunger system: the plunger refill is moved using a filler knob at the end of the shaft. This guarantees that the ink is economically absorbed out of the ink bottle. After filling, release a few drops of ink back into the bottle and then turn the filler knob to the closed position. The cartridge-system: Easy and clean to handle. The most common kinds of cartridges: The small standard ink cartridge (Pelikan = TP/6) and the giant ink cartridge (Pelikan = GTP/5). The variant converter: Makes it possible for you to convert a cartridge fountain pen into a plunger fountain pen. Instead of the cartridge, the converter is inserted into the shaft. The fountain pen can then be filled like a plunger fountain pen out of the ink bottle.
How long have fountain pens been in existance?
Since people have been using writing liquids, they have been thinking about how to develop a writing instrument which holds more ink making it unnecessary to constantly dip the writing instrument (the nib) into the writing liquid. Feather pens (of reed) and quills (from geese) were the preferred writing instruments up to the 19th century. Some developmental stages of the fountain pen: 1636 development of the quill fountain pen 1809 first patent for a fountain pen, England 1878 first German patent in the Reich 1885 -1910 resettable and so called safety fountain pens dominate (filling with pipette) 1929 the era of the plunger fountain pens begins 1960 the cartridge fountain pens starts to be popular
What pieces do the fountain pens consist of?
Fountain pens are manufactured in many manual steps using very precise technology. Generally, they consist of: the nib, ink duct, sleeve with ink reservoir and plunger mechanism or a space for cartridges or converter, the cap and the clip.
How does the ink duct function?
The ink duct regulates the pressure between outside and inside and therefore it supplies the top of the nib with the right amount of ink. The capillary tube keep an excessive amount of ink from flowing out.
Are the slanting shaped nibs (i.e., OM) a kind of front tension fountain pen (upstroke fine, downstroke broad)?
No. There are two kinds of nibs (i.e., OM or OB). The slanting sloped nibs are generally for people who hold the fountain pen at a slant and/or where it slants to the left. If you normal flat writing, the writing piece should be equipped with a straight fountain pen.
Are spare parts available for writing instruments and how can they be obtained?
Most pieces can be obtained as spare parts from the trader.
Does Pelikan also repair old products?
Yes, but only Pelikan and Geha products, as long as spare parts are still available. All such items should be sent to: Pelikan PBS Produktionsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, Abt. P-1/Reparatur, Pelikanstrasse 11, 331228 Peine/Voehrum.
Is it possible to have Pelikan writing instruments engraved and how?
All Pelikan writing instruments can be engraved. Unless otherwise requested the cap, or in some cases, for example the Pelikano, the upper shaft will be engraved. A choice of 3 scripts is available. The cost is € 5,00,- per engraving.
What happens if a ball-point pen is damaged after falling off a desk?
As plastic is a material that can break, it is difficult to make a general statement as to how high the piece may fall without damage. Whether it breaks depends on various factors, for instance the kind and form of plastic, angle and impact of the fall, the impact or hardness of the floor.
How can crusted ink be removed from the fountain pen?
To keep crusting from occurring, the fountain pen should be always filled with fountain pen ink. Furthermore, the cap should always be set straight. Ink crusts on nib and ink duct are to be removed by washing the nib and shaft in warm water. Afterwards, the ink plunger system should be filled several times with cold to warm water (filling up and emptying out the plunger mechanism). For cartridge fountain pens it is normally sufficient to rinse the nib with running water.