Using the opaque paint box
Using the opaque paint box

In our practise series, we would like to show you which colours are contained in the original K 12 opaque paint box.

Downloads.
Further material for this article.

Using the opaque paint box

In our practise series, we would like to show you which colours are contained in the original K 12 opaque paint box:

These 3 primary colours are of utmost importance in learning the theory of colours.
Top (from left to right): Gelb, Yellow, Dark Vermilion, Magenta Red, Purple, Ultra Marine Blue
Bottom (from left to right): Cyan Blue, Bluegreen, Yellowgreen, Ocre, Sienna, Black
Chinese white in a tube

The 12 colours and the order in which they are arranged have been accurately defined. They correspond to the DIN 5023 which regulates the contents of a paint box. For learning the theory of colours in school, there are 3 colours which are of utmost importance. All other colours apart from black and white can be mixed from these 3.

Please note: Industrially mixed paints are purer than those which you can mix yourself, however, the theory of colours can be reconstructed with the opaque paint box.

For example:

 

When 2 primary colours are mixed are secondary colours results. (yellow + cyan blue = green)

Yellow and cyan blue produce green when mixed, cyan blue and magenta produce violet and yellow and magenta produce red-orange when mixed. You see, mix 2 primary colours and a so-called secondary colour is produced.

 
The Pelikan Circle of Colour in action

To enable pupils to remember this, Pelikan has developed a “circle of colour”. The colours are arranged in a circle – the circle of colour. In principle, there is a never-ending choice of colours, however, we shall limit ourselves to 12.

The red arrows indicate the primary colours (cyan and yellow) and the green arrow indicate the secondary colour which results when the 2 primary colours are mixed, in this case, green.

 
Mixing a primary colour with a secondary colour gives a tertiary colour. When a primary colour, e.g., cyan is mixed with a secondary colour, eg., green, a tertiary colour results, in this case, blue-green.
 

 

 

Die Farbmulde zum schnellen Anlösen einer Deckfarbe.

A tip to finish with:
The paint cakes in the opaque paint box have a special form. They have a dip in the middle which helps the paint to dissolve more quickly.
1. First apply a couple of drops of water in the dip.
2. Then stir with the brush and the paint is ready for use.